Professional Information


B.S.         Ecology, Ethology, & Evolution                 University of Illinois                             1987     

M.S.        Fisheries & Wildlife                                  Michigan State University                    1989     

Ph.D.      Zoology                                                    Washington State University                1994     

Positions Held

2007-present       Assistant Professor, Southern Utah University

2006-2007           Lecturer, University of Montana

2000-2007           Research Assistant Professor, University of Montana

1995 – 2000        Post-Doctoral Research Associate, University of Montana

1994-1995           Post-Doctoral Research Associate, Washington State University

Interests and Expertise


Molecular Ecology

Conservation Biology and Genetics

Evolutionary Biology

Fish Biology


McClure M, Utter FM, Baldwin C, Carmichael R, Hassemer P, Howell P, Spruell P, Cooney T, Schaller H, and Charles Petrosky  (2008) Evolutionary effects of alternative artificial propagation programs: implications for viability of endangered anadromous salmonids.  Ecological Applications. 1: 356-375.

Winans GA, McHenry ML, Baker J, Elz A, Goodbla A, Iwamoto E, Kuligowski D, Miller KM, Small MP, Spruell P, VanDoornik D (2008) Genetic inventory of anadromous Pacific salmonids of the Elwha River prior to dam removal.  Northwest Science 82: 128-

Whiteley AR, Spruell P, Allendorf FW (2006) Can common species provide valuable information for conservation?  Molecular Ecology. 15:2767-2786.

Whiteley AR, Spruell P, Rieman BE, Allendorf FW (2006) Fine scale genetic structure of bull trout at the Southern limit of their distribution in the Boise River.  Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 135: 1238-1253

Whiteley AR, Spruell P, Allendorf FW (2004) Ecological and life history characteristics predict population genetic divergence of two salmonids in the same landscape. Molecular Ecology 13:3675-3688.

Spruell P, Hemmingsen AR, Howell PJ, Kanda N, Allendorf FW (2003) Conservation genetics of bull trout: geographic distribution of variation at microsatellite loci.  Conservation Genetics 4: 17-29.

Neraas LP & Spruell P (2001) Fragmentation of riverine systems: the origins of bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) collected at the base of Cabinet Gorge Dam, Montana.  Molecular Ecology 10: 1153-1164.

Allendorf FW, Leary RF, Spruell P & Wenberg JK (2001) The problem with hybrids: setting conservation guidelines.  Trends in Ecology and Evolution  16: 613-622